What is the rhythm of "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth?  

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The message of "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud," also known as "Daffodils," is simple. And part of that message is that the simple things in life have the power to bring happiness during tough times. Keeping with the message of the poem, Wordsworth creates a structure that is simple, too.

The rhyme scheme is straightforward:

I wandered lonely as a Cloud A
That floats on high o'er vales and Hills, B
When all at once I saw a crowd, A
A host, of golden Daffodils; B
Beside the Lake, beneath the trees, C
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. C

Sometimes in poetry, you have to watch out for slant (or not-quite-but-almost) rhymes. No need to worry about that here; the rhymes are straightforward, keeping it all simple.

The root word tetra means 4. This poem is written in tetrameter, meaning that there are 4 pairs of syllables in each line:

The waves / beside / them danced; / but they /
Out-did / the spark / ling waves / in glee
To determine whether the lines are iambic or trochaic, you need to determine which syllable in each pair is stressed, and often you will see a pattern. Here's how the above lines are stressed:
The waves / beside / them danced; / but they /
Out-did / the spark / ling waves / in glee /
There is a pattern that follows through the entire poem, and the second syllables are the ones that are stressed. This means that the meter is iambic.
Putting all that together, the meter is iambic pentameter.
The meter of the poem is direct; the reader can almost envision those daffodils swaying in rhythm to the meter of the poem.
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Wordsworth's poem is composed of four stanzas. Each stanza has six lines with the first line rhyming with the third line and the second line rhyming with fourth line. Each stanza ends in a rhyming couplet.
( a,b,a,b,c,c). The meter in the poem is iambic tetrameter. For example, in the third stanza, Wordsworth writes:

The WAVES.|.be SIDE.|.them DANCED;.|.but THEY

Out-DID.|.the SPARK.|.ling WAVES.|.in GLEE:—

A PO.|.et COULD.|.not BUT.|.be GAY

In SUCH.|.a JOC.|.und COM.|.pa NY:

I GAZED—.|.and GAZED—.|.but LIT.|.tle THOUGHT
What WEALTH.|.the SHOW.|.to ME.|.had BROUGHT:

In the first stanza, line 6 initially appears to be written in another meter but Wordsworth probably mean the word "fluttering" to be read
as two syllable ( i.e. flut RING ) so it fits into iambic tetrameter .

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