What is the relationship between bilingualism and sociolinguistics?

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First, bilingualism is a catch-all phrase that captures many varying degrees of language proficiency. While one person may identify as bilingual, he may be only able to navigate the basics of oral communication in his second language. Another person identifying as bilingual may be able to navigate the language as well as a native speaker. And yet another person may be able to only communicate in written form in the second language. Yet all have some skill in navigating the second language.

There are societal differences reflected in how individuals learn a second language. Some learn a first language at home and then a second language when entering an educational setting. Thus, these individuals may learn...

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