What is the point of conditioning in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley?

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The purpose of conditioning is to create a completely uniform society that is both efficient and stable. In the Fertilizing Room, each embryo experiences a specified amount of exposure to certain conditions, which corresponds to the embryos' future castes. For example, fetuses designated to work in tropical climates are exposed...

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The purpose of conditioning is to create a completely uniform society that is both efficient and stable. In the Fertilizing Room, each embryo experiences a specified amount of exposure to certain conditions, which corresponds to the embryos' future castes. For example, fetuses designated to work in tropical climates are exposed to hot conditions. In the Nurseries, infants are conditioned to hate literature and nature, which makes them more conditioned to remain indoors and less inclined to search for knowledge. The government desires its citizens to consume products instead of enjoying the natural environment and prefers its citizens to reject intellectual endeavors. The infants are also conditioned using hypnopædia, which is essentially sleep-teaching. While the infants are asleep, they listen to repetitive speeches designated for their specific castes. These radio programs teach infants to be proud of their social caste in order to avoid future class conflict. Infants also engage in erotic play in order to be conditioned to accept and enjoy society's loose sexual standards, where everyone belongs to everyone. Overall, conditioning serves the specific purpose of creating a uniform, stable society, where every citizen is perfectly content in their given caste.

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Conditioning serves the purpose of creating an ideal society. In this utopia/dystopia the various methods of conditioning constitute a useful instrument of control. The rulers of this society have systematically expunged all traces of difference or individuality. This means that the powers that be in the World State can shape and mold each citizen to make them turn out just the way they want them to be: obedient.

There are three main kinds of conditioning in Brave New World: biological, psychological, and chemical. Yet all of them are used to precisely the same ends and all of them represent a grotesque abuse of science. Whichever method is used, at each and every stage of the life process the government is actively and minutely involved to make sure that it gets the results it wants. Before anyone's even been born, so-called Predestinators are busily at work, determining in advance exactly how many people society needs and what their characteristics and functions should be. In this dystopian society, people are biologically conditioned to have certain capacities in order to help them fulfill their allotted roles. Whichever method is used, conditioning in the World State exists purely and solely for the benefit of those in power and not for the individual citizens themselves.

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In the New World, genetic engineering is used from the onset of life,and the design and the conditioning of the individual is essential for social stability. With the main goal of the New World society being happiness, conditioning enters into the lives of the residentsin their childhood, in the form of sleep conditioning, or hypnopaedia.  During this sleep conditioning, children are taught to like the members of their own caste and to dislike some of the others; in this way, they will not associate with other castes. 

Conditioning exists in many areas, such as in the New World culture in which love, marriage, and parenthood are scatological; that is, they are like jokes about excrement.  In this manner, no one will respect these states, nor want to enter upon them.  Another way in which members of the New World are conditioned in their behavior is through the use of soma, named after a Hindu hallucinogenic drink.  This drug is used by the officials when they need to repress any agitated emotions of the people. Soma assists in adding to the contentment of the people.

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