Christopher Marlowe wrote The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus in about 1590, at a time when England was at the height of its Renaissance, in the latter part of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, and about one hundred years since the end of the Medieval period.
In the midst of significant advances throughout Europe in science, law, medicine, and theology, Marlowe seems to have written Doctor Faustus from a noticeably Medieval perspective. Marlow seems to be promoting the Medieval beliefs (the morals of the story) that too much knowledge can be dangerous and indulging in magic and the occult can lead to dire consequences.
Doctor Faustus is an Elizabethan tragedy clearly based on Aristotelian principles of the tragic hero. Faustus suffers from the tragic flaw (hamartia) of excessive pride (hubris ). He makes a serious mistake in judgement based on his tragic flaw (selling his soul to the devil in exchange for unlimited knowledge and power), which brings about an unavoidable...
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