What is the meaning of this quote? "Perpetual peace is guaranteed by no less an authority than the great artist Nature herself (natura daedala rerum).The mechanical process of nature visibly exhibits the purposive plan of producing concord among men, even against their will and indeed by means of their very discord."

The meaning of this quote, from Kant's Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch is that nature provides us with an example of how we should live. If we observe the natural world, we will see that it shows signs of order and purpose. As we are part of that world, it is also in our nature to tend toward the perpetual peace that is a consequence of nature's mechanical ordering.

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According to Kant, perpetual peace is guaranteed by nature, which tends towards order, concord, and stability. Though nature can appear chaotic at times, with earthquakes, volcanoes, and extreme weather patterns common in many parts of the world, it eventually conduces towards stability. It's more or less the same with human...

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According to Kant, perpetual peace is guaranteed by nature, which tends towards order, concord, and stability. Though nature can appear chaotic at times, with earthquakes, volcanoes, and extreme weather patterns common in many parts of the world, it eventually conduces towards stability. It's more or less the same with human nature, which is, of course, part of the natural world.

At first, Kant's insight seems counterintuitive. One quick glance at the world around us tells us that perceptual peace seems as far away as ever. Wars are an all too common occurrence, with violence and bloodshed the norm rather than the exception in some parts of the world. Yet Kant argues that our natural inclinations, however selfish, amoral, or even immoral they may be, lead us towards perpetual peace in spite of ourselves.

This is because nature has scattered men to the four corners of the globe, leading them to form themselves into states that require them to submit to coercive laws. This process channels man's selfishness into the building of enduring political and legal institutions that thereby produce a condition of peace within which the laws can be enforced. Submission by all to the community's laws thereby serves the cause of perpetual peace.

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