What is the main idea of the story "The Yellow Wallpaper"?

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In the short story "The Yellow Wallpaper" by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, the narrator is brought to a colonial mansion by her husband, John, for a rest cure. John is a physician, and he believes that isolation and a surcease from domestic activities will help his wife get over her "nervous depression" and "slight hysterical tendency." He relegates her to an upstairs room with garish yellow wallpaper. As the story progresses, the woman becomes more and more obsessed with the paper and convinced that there is a woman trapped behind it. In the end, it appears that she has gone insane: she imagines that she has "freed" the woman from behind the wallpaper and, simultaneously, that she is that woman.

The story has been subject to various interpretations over the years since it was first published. According to Gilman, the main idea of the story is that the woman is being mistreated in her isolation and lack of activity. Gilman wanted to protest this form of treatment, which was common for women at...

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