What is the main idea of Jane Eyre? And why was this story written?      

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I would argue that the main idea behind the story is that love conquers all.

Throughout the course of the story, Jane experiences all manner of setbacks, most of which would defeat the hardiest soul. Yet at every turn, she picks herself up, dusts herself off, and moves on, determined to live the kind of life she wants to lead. This is because Jane, despite all the many terrible things that have happened to her, is a strong person. And what gives her strength more than anything else is the power of love.

It's love that gives Jane the strength to defy the rigid conventions of the society in which she lives and to follow her heart. It would be all too easy to subscribe to the prevailing value system and marry someone she doesn't love, like St. John Rivers. But Jane remains true to her heart and waits for the right moment to marry Mr. Rochester, the man she truly loves.

One can't be certain of Charlotte Brontë's precise motives in writing Jane Eyre, but there's a fair chance that it was because she wanted to challenge respectable society's attitude to marriage, which tended to be regarded as a business arrangement—it wasn't called the marriage market for nothing—rather than a heartfelt expression of mutual love.

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Jane Eyre, Charlotte Bronte's beloved novel, is the story of the eponymous Jane Eyre and her struggles and successes in nineteenth-century rural England. We meet Jane as a young girl and watch her navigate through the harshness of Lowood to the passions of Thornfield Hall to Moor House and back to Rochester in Ferndean again. While the brunt of the plot seems to revolve around Jane's love for Rochester and their struggle to develop a relationship, beyond the love story, there lies the true point of Bronte's novel: the journey to self-actualization of Jane Eyre. She must learn to be seen as a woman of full intellect and power and must learn to see herself as such. This is a story of independence and struggle and ultimate success in finding such independence.

While no one knows specifically why Charlotte Bronte wrote her novel, she seems to have wanted to voice her frustration about the inequality she saw between men and women. Choosing to publish under the gender neutral name of Currer Bell, and having a female character traverse and ultimately find her identity and independence, Bronte appears to have wanted to show the world that women could have the same intellect, the same passions as men.

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