What is the importance of setting in the book/movie The Hunger Games?

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As in any dystopian novel, The Hunger Games (all of the novels and films in the series) establishes a specific setting that is similar to our world in some ways but also vastly different, highlighting the danger and fear felt by those who inhabit it.

Suzanne Collins sets The Hunger Games series in a near-future United States. The country, though, is now called Panem and is broken into 13 districts and a capitol, where the government is based. Each district is basically specialized around one resource, and District 12, where protagonist Katniss Everdeen lives, is a coal-mining district. Life in District 12 is very bare-bones; the Everdeen family and many of their neighbors are poor. Katniss's father was killed in an explosion at the mine, and her mother is emotionally fragile (at least at the start of the series). Therefore, Katniss uses her hunting skills and strong will to keep her family alive, namely to protect her younger sister, Prim. Hunting is illegal, though, and there are other strict...

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