What is the human relationship in the poem "Home Burial" by Robert Frost?

The human relationships in the poem "Home Burial" by Robert Frost are the relationship between Amy and her husband, the relationship between Amy and her deceased child, and the relationship between the husband and the deceased child. All three of these relationships are troubled.

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All of the relationships presented to us in "Home Burial" are problematic. The relationship between Amy and her husband is marred by a lack of meaningful communication.

Amy doesn't think her husband has expressed any appropriate emotions concerning the recent death of their child. For his part, the man of the house can't quite get Amy to see that, despite his relatively stoical demeanor, he's every bit as devastated over this tragic loss as she is.

This then leads us on to the relationship between each grieving parent and the child they've just buried. Amy's relationship with the child is intense, as demonstrated by her distraught behavior. Her husband's appears somewhat less so, on account of his being better able to come to terms with his loss.

In a sense, however, one could say that his relationship with the dead child is actually closer than Amy's due to the fact that he buried him. He was the one who physically buried his son in the family plot. This gives him a stronger physical connection to his dead son, which perhaps accounts for the fact that he's able to exercise greater self-control than his wife, who seeks comfort and consolation in another's arms.

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There are three human relationships at play in this poem. The two interlocutors are Amy and her husband, a man she seems to feel is cold and even frightening. This is a difficult relationship, but as the poem continues, it becomes clear that the root of the issue is a third person, the couple’s now-deceased child. Amy’s husband begs to be allowed into her grief, but Amy feels he is not worthy of speaking about their child, because of what she sees as his callous behavior when he dug the child’s grave and buried it.

The triangle of human relationships under discussion in the poem, then, includes that between husband and wife, that between the wife and the child, and that between the husband and the child. The husband protests that Amy always takes her grief to somebody else rather than letting him join her in it. However, Amy’s abject and obvious fear of him, as well as his statement at the end of the poem about bringing her back by force if she tries to leave, suggests that she has good reason not to want to confide in her husband. The relationship between the pair, whether as a result of the child’s death or not, seems to follow patterns of abuse. The husband begs gently for his wife’s consideration and attention, but she knows his gentleness will not last long.

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There are three relationships in Robert Frost's poem "Home Burial." The most evident relationship is that of the husband and wife. Another relationship is between the wife, Amy, and the couple's deceased child. The third relationship is between the husband and the deceased child. Of these, the primary "human" relationship is that of the husband and wife.

The relationship between Amy and her husband is rife with tension, as each is grieving the loss of their child differently. Amy stands at an upstairs window and watches the grave, unable to leave the house or talk about anything else. For Amy, time has stopped. Her husband, on the other hand, is grieving through action: he dug the grave and buried their child. He talks about the weather and its effect on their fence. As they talk, he stands at the bottom of a staircase, staring up at Amy.

Amy cannot understand how her husband can move, talk, or even think about anything other than their deceased child. She says,

You could sit there with the stains on your shoes
Of the fresh earth from your own baby’s grave
And talk about your everyday concerns.

Her husband, on the other hand, cannot understand how it is that Amy won't communicate her thoughts and needs to him.

‘Don’t—don’t go.
Don’t carry it to someone else this time.
Tell me about it if it’s something human.
Let me into your grief. I’m not so much
Unlike other folks as your standing there
Apart would make me out. Give me my chance.

At the time the poem takes place, the two, presumably once very much in love, are each other's worst enemy. Amy seeks understanding and wants to leave the house. She feels trapped with someone she feels can never reach the depth of her grief. The man, undoubtedly angry about the death of his child and the powerlessness that comes from not being able to console his wife, turns to intimidation as his only remaining tactic to get Amy to confide in him. 

"I’ll follow and bring you back by force.  I will!—"

When the child died, the relationship each parent had with that child was severed in the physical realm. The implied outcome of the final dialogue between Amy and her husband is that the relationship between the two of them will follow suit and will also be severed as the irreparable harm of the death of their child tears their marriage apart. 

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