What is the history of Miranda and Prospero? How did Miranda and Prospero end up on the island in The Tempest?

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In act 1, scene 2 of Shakespeare's The Tempest, Prospero recounts to his daughter, Miranda, the story of their early life together, how they arrived at their island, and why Prospero caused the tremendous storm that opens the play.

Prospero first tells Miranda that he caused the storm with his magic and that no one was actually hurt in the shipwreck. In order to explain why he caused the storm, Prospero decides to tell his daughter the reason that he shipwrecked the passengers and crew on this island.

Twelve years ago, when Miranda was three, Prospero was the Duke of Milan. With the help of one of Prospero's enemies, the King of Naples, Prospero's brother Antonio usurped Prospero's position as Duke.

Antonio couldn't have Prospero killed because Prospero was loved too much by the people of Milan. Instead, Antonio opened the city gates to the King's soldiers, who seized Prospero and Miranda from their home and put them on a ship and took them out to sea.

Once out to sea, Prospero and Miranda...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 661 words.)

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