In the Antigone of Sophocles, written about 441 BC, the Chorus functions as an integral part of the play. The Chorus serves as a link between the play and the audience and provides counsel and guidance to the characters in the play and to the audience regarding moral and ethical principles. It supports and enhances the reason for the play's existence: to teach.
In Jean Anouilh's Antigone, written in 1944 during the Nazi occupation of France in World War II, the Chorus is an adjunct to the play and seems to function as a conceit, serving as the playwright's alter-ego.
The Chorus provides nearly the entirety of the exposition of the play and defines the characters' actions and motivations based solely on its own values. It also attempts to influence, if not directly control, the action of the play and the audience's reactions to the events of the play.
In some ways, the Chorus functions to distance the audience from the play, particularly in its second appearance midway through the play with its...
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