What is the effect of the repeated phrase “we will” in “The Hill We Climb”?

The phrase "we will" is repeated ten times throughout Amanda Gorman's poem "The Hill We Climb." The repetition of this phrase helps to convey a sense of determination and perseverance.

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At the end of the second stanza of the poem, Gorman proclaims that the American people will emerge "victorious" from the troubled times they are currently experiencing. She declares that the American people will be "victorious" because "we will never again sow division." The phrase "we will" in this quotation reads like an instruction, or a plea, and it encapsulates the speaker's hope and division that Americans will be able to unite.

Gorman begins stanza four with the proclamation, "We will not march back to what was," and follows this a couple of lines later with, "We will not be turned around." The repetition here of the phrase "we will" indicates the poet's determination that America can move forward, and progress rather than regress. The collective pronoun "we" is also of course significant, suggesting as it does that progress is tied up with unity. The idea of unity is central to this poem, and indeed the word "we" is used sixty one times in the poem.

In the fifth and final stanza of the poem, the phrase "we will" is used six times, and for five of those six times the phrase is followed by the word "rise" or "raise." Gorman declares that "we will rise" from every part of America. The frequency of the phrase in this final stanza (it is used to begin five consecutive lines) builds a sense of energy and impetus, as if Gorman is trying to rally the American people to be determined and persevere together to emerge "victorious" from the difficult times.

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