What is the effect of having 1984 broken into 3 different parts?

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D. Reynolds eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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The three parts of the book represent three distinct phases of Winston's life: the time before Julia, the time with Julia, and the time after Julia.

In part 1, we learn how Winston lives before Julia comes into his life. He has seen her from afar, hates her, and even wants to rape and kill her, but he doesn't yet know her. This is his period of dehumanization. He is in rebellion against the Party, represented by the subversive act of starting a diary, but he hasn't yet been reawakened to his humanity. He watches violent movies happily and kicks a prole's severed hand out of his way after a bomb falls. He is still filled with anger, callousness, and hatred.

In part 2, he gets together with Julia, and the two fall in love. They create something akin to what a normal love relationship was like before the Party took over as they meet together in the room over Mr. Charrington's shop. Having another human being to love, be with, and protect rehumanizes Winston. He becomes a more compassionate...

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