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What is the difference between substance dualism and property dualism?  Which position adequately defends dualism, and why?

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The philosophical concept of dualism stems from skepticism over the nature of the human mind in relation to the human body. The mind-body problem focuses on the function of the brain and how it relates to consciousness. Plainly stated, philosophers opine as to whether there is a difference between the brain and the mind. Dualists believe the mind is a separate entity from the physical brain.

The proponents of dualism generally agree that the mind is a non-physical substance having a separate existence from the physical body. Substance dualism favors the notion that the mind is a thinking entity without physical properties. Property dualism contends that the mind is simply a non-physical property of the brain. While both positions recognize a difference between the physical matter of the body and non-physical properties of the mind, substance dualism more closely defends the overall concept of dualism.

There is a great deal of scientific disagreement with the concept of dualism, but dualists...

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