What is the difference between Plato's reasoning and Augustine's will? Please provide examples.

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Augustine's will was something close to what we would call "free will" today. He argued that "will" was the determining factor in whether one's actions were good or evil. Man is given the ability to do wrong by God, that is, he is given free will. For Augustine, it is the will behind an action that makes it good or evil. "[N]o one," he wrote, "however magnanimous and pure, has always the disposal of his own body, but can control only the consent and refusal of his will." If a person engaged in a sinful act against their will, then it was not a sin. Augustine was at least familiar with Plato's writings, and much of his thought is often characterized as a "Christianization" of Plato's thinking. But Plato did not stress the "will" in the same way as Augustine. Rather, he saw "reason" as the most important of all human faculties. Plato thought, in short, that if people were able to determine what good actually was, then they would act accordingly. To put it in Augustinian terms, people who knew what right was could not act out of bad will—they would always do right. The role of reasoning, then, was to help people recognize and realize what good actually was. To Plato, it was in faulty reasoning, not in bad will, that people went astray.

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