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What is the difference between micro linguistics and macro linguistics, with definitions and examples?

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Macro-linguistics is the study of language on a large scale, relating to the development and trends of languages and usage. Micro-linguistics is a small scale observation of language, particularly dealing with the concepts of grammar, syntax, and individual words.

Macro-linguistics, for example, would examine the descent of the English language from the confluence of Germanic and Latin tongues, and how it has changed since it became a solitary language. Micro-linguistics, on the other hand, would deal with the etymology of a specific word, and the rationale behind simple rules such as "i before e, except after c".

A broad definition explains them as such:

Macro-linguistics deals with language and extra-lingual related phenomena as a whole, while Micro-linguistics deals with the analysis of specific linguistic data.

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Both of these terms are used somewhat fluidly, but the general sense is that macrolinguistics tends to focus on language as broader, larger concepts and trends (the...

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