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What is the difference between micro linguistics and macro linguistics, with definitions and examples?

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Macrolinguistics and microlinguistics both involve the study and usage of language. While they are often interrelated concepts, they each approach the topic from a different level.

Macrolinguistics focuses on language on a large scale and as a broad topic. Macrolinguistics involves the study of how language impacts societies and how social factors influence language. For instance, macrolinguistics may examine why Latin languages use gendered nouns and Indo-Aryan languages do not. Someone studying this may have questions about how this distinction impacts social functions within societies. Macrolinguistics also involves looking at how whole languages and linguistic families evolve and develop, and it can be concerned with how language is acquired and stored in the brain. Macrolinguistics, in this sense, may examine how the Broca's area and Wernicke's area of the brain develop in relation to language acquisition as someone ages throughout infancy and childhood.

Microlinguistics takes a...

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