A major difference between Confucianism and Taoism is that Confucianism's primary focus is on the ethical organization of human society, while the main focus of Taoism is the human's alignment with the natural world.
Confucianism arose out of the chaos of civil war and disorder in Ancient China. Confucius realized society would remain chaotic and uncivilized until people were taught an orderly way of behaving to one another that everyone could agree on. Out of that system a humane society would flourish.
As a result, social relations are foundational to Confucianism. Society is organized into five basic relationships: monarch to subject, parent to child, husband to wife, older brother to younger brother, and friend to friend. If everyone obeys the rules and responsibilities governing their role in these five relationships, all will prosper. Confucianism also defines five virtues: charity or benevolence, honesty, integrity, knowledge, and civility. These are all social virtues that direct...
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