What is the Declaration of Independence accusing King George III of doing in the following statement? "The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States."  

The Declaration of Independence is accusing George III of treating the American colonists with contempt and of seeking to exert absolute power over the colonies. This statement is an accurate indication of just how strongly the American colonists felt about what they perceived as unjust treatment at the hands of the king.

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When the Declaration of Independence accuses King George III of “repeated injuries and usurpations,” it generally means that the British monarch has treated his American subjects with contempt. As pointed out elsewhere in the Declaration, the American colonists made numerous attempts to get their grievances heard and reach an amicable settlement. But every one of these was rebuffed, dismissed out of hand by a king who refused to listen.

Not surprisingly, the Americans felt injured and insulted by such condescension. What's more, they believed that in refusing to listen to their grievances and continuing with his aggressive policy towards the colonies, George was usurping—that is to say, illegally taking away—their rights as British subjects. And to what end is all this insulting and usurping being carried out? Well, according to the Declaration of Independence, it's the establishment of a tyranny in which the king will ride roughshod over the Americans' natural rights.

There's more than an element of hyperbole about this accusation, but there's no doubt that the king and his American subjects had a completely different understanding of what constituted liberty. And it was this gap in understanding, soon to become a gaping chasm, that would, in due course, lead to the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.

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The Declaration of Independence is based in a form of Social Contract Theory, which holds that government and governed are bound by obligations. We see this in the very opening of the Declaration of Independence, with its statement of natural rights ("we hold these truth to be self evident...") and moreover, in the statement which immediately follows it: governments are created for the purpose of protecting those rights. People enter into governments to safeguard their fundamental rights to life, liberty and happiness. If that foundational contract is broken, however, if government dissolves into tyranny, then not only do the people have no more cause to remain loyal, but in fact they have the legal and moral obligation to dissolve that government and create a new one in its place. This is the core argument behind the Declaration of Independence: because Britain has become tyrannical, the colonies have a moral and legal obligation to break away from their mother country.

After this, we are a shown a list of grievances, compiling the many sundry ways that George III has acted tyrannically, abused his power over the colonies, and denied citizens of their rights. If we were to fit this section into the larger context of the Declaration of Independence as it functions as whole, then this is the evidence by which those earlier charges of British tyranny are supported, and from which the Colonists can make their case that the contract is broken.

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When the Declaration of Independence mentioned King George III, it referenced many grievances or complaints that the colonists had about him. The colonists were very concerned that King George III was abusing his power. They believed that he and the British government were enacting policies that violated the rights of the colonists.

For example, the colonists were upset that the King was limiting their right to self-government. They said he dissolved representative houses and called meetings in places that were inconvenient for the elected officials. They didn’t like that new taxes were being imposed without the approval of the colonists. The colonists believed that all British citizens must have representatives that can speak about and vote on proposed taxes. The colonists believed they didn’t have this right. The colonists were upset that the King interfered with their trade. They didn’t like the idea that jury trials were sometimes abolished.

Because the King was unwilling to listen to their concerns, the colonists believed they had to change the government since the government wasn’t protecting their rights. They declared their independence so they could have a new government that would protect their rights.

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Basically, the Declaration is accusing King George III of being a tyrant and taking away the rights of the colonists.  The part that you cite accuses him of that in general and later parts of the Declaration specify exactly what he is supposed to have done.

When the Declaration says that King George has commited "repeated injuries and usurpations," it is saying that he has hurt the colonies (injuries) and that he has taken away their rights (to "usurp" is to take something that someone else has a right to).  It then says that the whole point of what the king is doing is to establish a tyranny over the colonies.

Later in the Declaration, there is a listing of all the many things that the writers claim the king has done to them.  The general thrust of those accusations is that the king has taken away their rights to things such as self-government, trial by jury, and free trade.  Overall, though, these parts of the Declaration are simply saying that King George III has done too many things to harm the colonies and take away their rights.

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