For decades, Miss Emily Grierson finds herself in conflict with her society. She is from a highly respected Southern family and tries to continue living in the manner and with the same attitudes that her father instilled in her. She believes herself to be an aristocrat of sorts, above the "common" laws and deserving of special treatment.
She thus finds herself in conflict with those who insist that she pay her taxes just like any other citizen. She defiantly tells the men who come to her house to collect these taxes that she has "no taxes in Jefferson," relying on the promises of Colonel Sartoris, who has been dead for a decade.
She also finds herself in conflict with society's expectation that she not only marry but that she find a husband from a respectable, Southern family. When she begins dating Homer Barron, the town gossips about both Homer's occupation as a common laborer and about his unacceptable Northern background. The ladies call upon the Baptist minister to intervene in Miss Emily's affairs, convinced that her activities with Homer Barron are "a bad example to the young people."
Miss Emily's relationship with Homer Barron creates further conflict. Homer seemingly used Miss Emily to gain access to a certain lifestyle, but he has no intention of marrying her. In fact, the townspeople believe that "he like[s] men." They know that Homer's tendencies to hang out with the "younger men in the Elks' Club" and the likelihood that he is "not a marrying man" create a sense of desperation in Miss Emily, who clearly longs for human intimacy. Yet when they truly believe that Miss Emily is desperate enough to kill herself, they convince themselves that her suicide "would be the best thing."
Miss Emily's family was once revered and respected, and she has held fast to the beliefs that she, as a Grierson woman, must maintain a certain presence in the community. However, Miss Emily no longer fits in to a society that has transformed over time and has left her in its past. This isolation and sense of societal rejection fuels Miss Emily's mental decline, which is only fully realized after her death.
In "A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner, the protagonist lives a solitary existence. There were many things that caused Emily Grierson to be alone most of her life. Miss Emily was a product of her environment.
In literature, the conflict moves the story forward. It is what the protagonist must face and hopefully defeat if the story is to end in his/her favor. Emily lived in a society that found her interesting but unacceptable.
What creates Emily’s conflict with society?
Her father demanded Emily’s full attention as his companion. Because he refused to allow her to have suitors, he forever doomed her to a solitary life. By the time that he died and she was able to have “gentleman callers,” Emily was past her prime. There were no men to call on her.
Emily would not allow the help of outsiders, particularly when her father died. Acting in a peculiar manner, Emily refused to let them take the body for three days. She did not accept their condolences and shut herself away for several months.
Society observes Emily rather than intercedes or interacts to help her. They see the things that happen to her and gossip, make judgments, and sit back and wait. They know about the things in the upstairs room but do nothing. As the narrator tells the reader, they were waiting for her to die.
Insanity had previously shown its ugly head before in her family.
That was when people had begun to feel really sorry for her. People in our town, remembering how old lady Wyatt, her great-aunt, had gone completely crazy at last, believed that the Griersons held themselves a little too high for what they really were. So when she got to be thirty and was still single, we were not pleased exactly, but vindicated; even with insanity in the family she wouldn't have turned down all of her chances if they had really materialized.
The townspeople excused her behavior because they thought that she was crazy. Sadly, no one in town helped her.
The new generation did not understand the Old South’s genteel life in which Emily had been raised. In the past times, women were venerated, petted, and idealized. Doing menial labor or engaging in business was considered improper for a lady. Colonel Sartoris took care of Emily’s taxes because he knew that she could not afford to pay them.
In the last years of her life, the new council harassed Emily about her taxes. They bombarded her with letters and then a meeting. At the meeting, Emily told them that she had no taxes since the colonel who had been dead for many years took care of them for her. This should have been a sign as to her mental state.
Clearly, Emily Grierson’s conflict with society was only resolved by her death.