What is the concept of transparency in O'Neils Weapons of Math Destruction?

In Weapons of Math Destruction, Cathy O'Neil says that WMDs are opaque because people often do not know that these models affect them, and transparency is the opposite of this. A transparent model is not a WMD, because those affected by it know of its existence and understand how it works.

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In Weapons of Math Destruction, Cathy O'Neil identifies opacity as one of the characteristics of a WMD, a mathematical model that has damaging effects on people's lives. These mathematical models may be opaque in several different ways. Those it affects may not understand how it works. Those who operate it may be similarly ignorant. Finally, the people it affects may not even be aware that the WMD is operating at all.

An example of this is the way we are sorted into tribes based on our use of social...

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