What is the comparison between Shakespeare's Sonnet 18 and Sonnet 116?

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Both sonnets XVIII and CXVI explore the enduring nature of love, though they do so in different ways and with an emphasis on different aspects of love. Sonnet XVIII is ostensibly concerned with the figure of the beloved, whom the poet compares with a summer's day in terms of both loveliness and, critically, duration. The beloved will last longer than a summer's day in any case, but Shakespeare boasts that they will be immortal because of this sonnet.

In sonnet CXVI, the subject is love itself, rather than the beloved. Love, according to Shakespeare, is "an ever-fixed mark" and a star so perfectly and eternally placed in the heavens that one can navigate by it. The sonnet is similar to XVIII in its concentration on a single point, in this case the idea that true love is eternal and immutable, for which the poet finds a plethora of illustrations. In both cases, time is seen as the enemy who is vanquished by love and art. Art makes an appearance at the end of both sonnets, since...

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