What is the change of literary style from Realism in the story "A Simple Heart"?

"A Simple Heart" changes literary style from Realism to a kind of comic religious parable with magical flourishes. This story is indeed a textbook example of the mid-nineteenth century realist style for which Flaubert is preeminent, but the tale takes a humorous and magical turn after devastating tragedy leads Felicite deeper into religious obsession and self-isolation that transform her perspective. Flaubert depicts her last days as if in a saint's passion.

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If I understand your question correctly, it seems that you’re asking for an explanation of how "A Simple Heart" changes style at some point from Flaubert’s customary literary Realism to a kind of comic religious parable with magical flourishes.

While the rest of the story after Victor’s and then Virginie’s deaths in part 3 continues with the same minute, unflinching details associated with the realist style, Felicite has been transformed by the intersection of her silent grief with her increasing religious fervor into someone more surreal and supernatural. In her devotion and detachment, though, she is also becoming more eccentric and antisocial. This change in Felicite sets up the twist to come with Loulou the parrot’s arrival that is simultaneously humorous, touching, and mysterious—emotional inflections usually beyond scope of the realist style.

After suffering the fright of thinking her darling parrot is gone forever and the shock of its sudden reappearance, Flaubert tells us that “in fact, she never got over it.” Deaf from an ear infection sustained by sitting outside waiting for the bird to return, Felicite becomes a tragicomic figure in town , unable to hear herself speaking over loudly as her obsession with Loulou begins merging with her religious obsession:

In church, she always gazed at the Holy Ghost, and noticed that there was something about it that resembled a parrot...

Flaubert signals this entry into the realm of the fantastic by telling us,

As she was unable to communicate with people, she lived her life in a sleepwalker's trance.

From here forward, the reader can expect Felicite to persist in this dreamy, ecstatic state and for her perspective to reflect these qualities, which it does vividly at her moment of death:

and when she exhaled her last breath, she thought she saw in the half-opened heavens a gigantic parrot hovering above her head.

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