What is the central idea of the poem "Upon Westminster Bridge"?

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In common with most Romantics, Wordsworth is deeply conscious of the existence of a primal force that runs through everything on earth, an organic world-soul pointing towards the realm of the eternal. Usually, this force is to be found in nature, amidst the forests, lakes, mountains, and trees. But in "Westminster Bridge," Wordsworth finds himself able to connect with the transcendent sublime in an urban environment. And it's noteworthy that the city in its early morning slumber closely resembles the countryside so memorably evoked by Wordsworth elsewhere. It has a life of its own; it is a living, breathing entity with a mighty, beating heart. Wordsworth sounds utterly astonished at the sheer vitality that the city displays as it basks in the early morning glow:

Dear God! the very houses seem asleep; And all that mighty heart is lying still!

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William Wordsworth's poem "Upon Westminster Bridge" is a depiction of the sublime, characterized here by the early morning as viewed from Westminster Bridge in London. Its key themes are beauty in tranquillity and the harmony of the man-made with the natural world, particularly at liminal times of day when, as in the early morning, the world is deserted and still.

Wordsworth was much preoccupied with the idea of the sublime and its connection to tranquillity, and this theme can be seen in many of his poems. In "Upon Westminster Bridge," he describes how "the City doth, like a garment, wear / The beauty of the morning: silent, bare." This beauty encompasses "ships, towers, domes, theatres and temples," all "bright and glittering in the smokeless air." It is notable that the air is "smokeless," as this is contrary to what might be expected in London at that time, a city of heavy industry. Wordsworth suggests that it is in repose that the city is most beautiful, rather than when it is in the midst of its daily work. The poet indicates that he has never "felt a calm so deep" as in this early morning.

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