What is substance dualism, and why do many philosophers think it is an inadequate theory of mind? Do you agree with them? Why or why not?

Substance dualism is a theory that draws a distinction between physical and non-physical things in nature. Many philosophers find it inadequate because it does not account for the connection between the brain, a physical thing, and the mind, non-physical thing.

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Substance dualism is a type of dualism that focuses on substances. Philosophically speaking, anything and everything is a substance. This includes concrete "things" and non-concrete things. This is where the dualism comes into play. Substances are either tangible, physical things, or they are non-physical things. Physical substances include planets, moons,...

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Substance dualism is a type of dualism that focuses on substances. Philosophically speaking, anything and everything is a substance. This includes concrete "things" and non-concrete things. This is where the dualism comes into play. Substances are either tangible, physical things, or they are non-physical things. Physical substances include planets, moons, stars, kitchen appliances, computers, and bodies. Non-physical substances would be things like God, memories, souls, and happiness.

A key aspect of substance dualism is that it relies on a difference between brain and mind. A brain is physical substance. It is composed of cells and tissue. A mind is not cells and tissue; it is the locus of human consciousness, and this is where substance dualism starts to become inadequate. Substance dualism would support the idea that the mind and the body are not connected. They are different substances, so they exist differently, and one is not capable of impacting the other. However, medical science has shown that physical electrical impulses occur in the brain's tissues in order to generate non-physical things like thoughts and memories. The extreme separation of dualism doesn't fit with what we know about how the brain, mind, and body interact with each other. For this reason, I would support the argument that substance dualism is inadequate.

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