What is said in act 5 of Julius Caesar that supports the idea that Brutus and Cassius' defeat is revenge for Caesar's murder?

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Perhaps ironically, it is Brutus himself who speaks to this idea. After he and Cassius have been defeated by Antony's forces, Brutus chooses to commit suicide rather than endure capture. As he runs on his own sword, held firmly in place by Strato at Brutus' request, Brutus speaks his dying...

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Perhaps ironically, it is Brutus himself who speaks to this idea. After he and Cassius have been defeated by Antony's forces, Brutus chooses to commit suicide rather than endure capture. As he runs on his own sword, held firmly in place by Strato at Brutus' request, Brutus speaks his dying words:

Caesar, now be still.

I killed not thee with half so good a will.

The words "be still" suggests that Caesar's ghost, which had appeared to Brutus before the final battle, can now rest. Caesar's murder has been avenged.

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In Act V, Brutus has refused to listen to Cassius who urges Brutus to let their troops wait for those of the triumvirate rather than marching to Philippi. Excited by the appearance of the troops of Brutus, Antony exclaims in Scene 1,

In your bad strokes, Brutus, you give good words.

Witness the hole you made in Caesar's heart,

Crying “Long live! Hail, Caesar!” (5.1.31-33)

Brutus and Cassius say farewell to each other, for they vow not to be taken alive.

But this same day
Must end that work the ides of March begun.
And whether we shall meet again I know not.
Therefore our everlasting farewell take.
For ever, and for ever, farewell, Cassius!
If we do meet again, why, we shall smile;
If not, why then this parting was well made. (5.1.122-128)

Omens are seen by the once skeptical Cassius; then, in Scene 3 Cassius is defeated and he has Pandarus hold the same sword that struck Caesar as Cassius runs on it. Later, Brutus discovers that his friend Cassius is dead and he exclaims,

O Julius Caesar, thou art might yet!

Thy spirit walks abroad, and turns our swords

In our own proper entrails (5.3.105-107)

Then, in the final scene, Brutus, too, meets with defeat and kills himself, calling upon Caesar as he tells his ghost that he did not kill him as willingly as he slays himself:

Farewell, good Strato.

Caesar--now be stil:

I kill'd not you with half so good a will (5.5.55-57)

With the presence of Caesar's ghost lurking over Brutus, the noble Brutus now sense tremendous guilt for slaying Julius Caesar, for now all his efforts have fallen apart, thus giving way to a crueler reign than ever was that of Julius Caesar.

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Concerning Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, everything that occurs since Antony's speech at Caesar's funeral in Act 3 points toward Cassius and Brutus being defeated to revenge Caesar's death.  That's what the plot is about.  That's why the armies are present in the field of battle. 

Of course, the play also involves power plays among the characters.  The winners will gain power, and the losers will lose it (as well as their lives). 

If you need, for some reason, proof or some kind of connection, you could use the appearance of Caesar's ghost.  It appears to Brutus and tells Brutus it will meet him on the battlefield.  This is an ominous occurrence, a bad omen, and suggests Brutus is going to lose and be killed, and that Caesar will then have his revenge.

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