Social Movement Theory: Resource Mobilization Theory

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Resource mobilization is the action of mobilizing resources from its sources using various mechanisms to implement an organization’s work for the purpose of achieving its goals or objectives. Resource mobilization is among the theoretical frameworks within the various social movement premises. It asserts that social movements are subject to resources and the ability to utilize them. As such, it is built on the premise of making good use of the right resource, and at the correct time, to ensure maximum utilization of the same.

The approach was established to dispute relative deprivation presumptions and social breakdown that define individual problems as the major stimulus for collective action. Resource-based theorists argued that these grievances are not enough to result in movement since they exist and endure in every society. Consequently, resource mobilization is a factor that prompts the formation of social movements.

Overall, social movements will always be in existence as long as there are communities whose needs or interests are not being satisfied. Therefore, the primary concern of resource mobilization is the relationship between collective interests and pooling of resources. Collective interests are believed to be unproblematic and in existence before mobilization rather than socially constructed or developed by the mobilization process.

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