Metacognition revolves around thinking about thinking. For a learner, it means being aware of the processes one goes through when completing a task. Someone who uses metacognition will not only be knowledgeable on what they have been thinking and learning about but also knowledgeable about how they have been thinking and learning. This process helps students know their strengths and areas of improvement as a learner and thinker. Metacognition helps by shifting the focus from just the topic or content being learned to how the student learns it. By reflecting on how they were thinking and feeling during a challenging task, the learner can gain perspective on what works best for them in that kind of situation.
There are many benefits of using metacognition. By thinking about thinking, one can approach any task with a positive mindset that is focused on problem-solving. With metacognition, no one is "good" or "bad" at any particular task, because the learner has the power to reflect on what they can do to improve. Their mindset is not fixed in the idea that they "cannot" do something. Instead the learner can use metacognition to reflect upon their areas of weakness and how they can overcome them. Learners can find success because of self-awareness and the ability to be resilient despite any challenges or setbacks.