What is implied in Lord of the Flies when Golding says "a stick sharpened at both ends"? Could it mean that since a regular spear has one sharp end but one round flat end, it doesn't symbolize pure evil—whereas a stick sharpened at both ends could mean that whoever is utilizing it is pure evil? Is there a deeper meaning?

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The stick sharpened at both ends definitely alludes to the fact that Jack and his tribe are planning to hunt down, kill, and behead Ralph just as they had done to the sow they offered as a sacrifice to the Beast.

Of course, neither the twins nor Ralph know at this point about the sow’s head. It isn’t until later, when Ralph encounters the meatless, horrifying skull atop a sharpened stick, that he makes the connection with what Samneric told him as he hid.

Therefore, the stick sharpened at both ends serves as a cryptic warning of the dehumanizing, savage violence that Jack wishes to exercise on Ralph. Interpreted this way, one could certainly argue that the stick represents pure evil; however, I would suggest that the stick is representative of violence while the Lord of the Flies itself (sow’s head when Simon “talks” to it) symbolizes evil.

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The above answer is excellent.  The "stick sharpened at both ends" does manifest pure evil--Jack's.  He intends to put Ralph's head on the one end and offer it to the Beast as he and the warriors have done with the pig's head.  Jack's character has been revealed as completely dark, and as leader, he is leading the rest of the boys down the same path.  Luckily for Ralph, Samneric (the twins) have a softer heart and the fire signals the Navy ship.

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Ralph is huddled in the jungle near Castle Rock, as dusk passes. Sam and Eric, who are guarding Castle Rock under Jack's leadership, are approached by Ralph. They inform him that Jack's tribe will be out hunting him the next day, and they have "sharpened a stick at both ends." The "stick sharpened at both ends" is a reference to what they did with the Lord of the Flies, impaling one end in the head and the other in the ground. This shows the brutality of what they planned to do to Ralph, who indeed felt like a pig being hunted by the savages.

Enotes offers an excellent analysis of the novel, and the second URL I provide below is a site completely dedicated to it.

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