What is Golding trying to say about human nature in Lord of the Flies?

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The primary message that William Golding conveys throughout Lord of the Flies is that mankind is inherently wicked and savage. In the story, a group of civilized British boys crash-land on an uninhabited tropical island, where they attempt to establish a civil, organized society. Shortly after landing on the uninhabited island, the boys gradually descend into savagery as hysteria surrounding the identity of an enigmatic beast dramatically impacts their perspective and behavior.

Jack ends up usurping power, and his tribe of bloodthirsty savages hunt pigs and end up killing Piggy and Simon. Both Ralph and Piggy, who are archetypes for civilization, structure, and order, also descend into savagery at various moments in the story and play a role in Simon's death. Simon is depicted as a Christ-figure who is the only boy aware of the beast's...

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