In the novel, Nigeria demonstrates both dynamic and static elements. During the course of the story, Nigeria goes through a political upheaval with some corresponding changes in its society. At the same time, however, the country is racked by corruption and poor governance along with a significant class divide and a respect for foreign experiences, especially in Europe.
These elements of society remain static even as the structures of society change. Similarly, the events of the story encompass the pre-Obama and Obama era in American politics, which is often seen as an example of American dynamism. At the same time, the racial and class divisions in the US, along with the disdain placed upon nonwhite foreign individuals, remain static as component of American society.
Ifemelu and Obinze also remain relatively static throughout the course of the story. Ifemelu changes throughout the course of the story, becoming more American as she spends time in America. However, she never fully assimilates and remains apart from American society, allowing her to more readily critique it in her blog. This separation is not necessarily a new trait for her, as she does remain a bit apart throughout her life. Obinze is initially a bit more worldly but ends the book thoroughly Nigerian. Interestingly, despite the estrangement of the two, their relationship remains somewhat static as well.
Ultimately, there is a good amount of dynamism regarding the situations that both nations and characters find themselves in, but throughout these changes, the inherent traits of both countries and characters remain static.