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What is characteristic of the Victorian Age?

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The Victorian Era extended from 1837 until early 1901, the years during which Queen Victoria ruled England as its monarch. The Industrial Revolution took place during this era, and as a result of the Industrial Revolution and the Enlightenment's focus on scientific exploration, the period is known for progress and invention. Class concerns came to the fore, as the distance between the upper class and the working class appeared even bigger than it had before.

Many authors began to write texts that painted the upper class as ridiculous and out of touch—I'm thinking here of authors like Oscar Wilde. Further, the sense that the rich could be ignorant and unfeeling toward the plight of the poor, as Ebenezer Scrooge is in Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol, grew during this era.

Moreover, the era is known for its rigid moral standards, especially the latter part of the period, and sexual prudery and repression. Charles Darwin boiled human biology down to sex, and Sigmund Freud boiled human psychology down to sex, and this offended many; if we are simply sexual creatures, this would seem to detract from more socially-preferable ideas about our inherent divinity or goodness.

Therefore, the era became even more repressive, which caused people not to stop engaging in "immoral" behaviors but, rather, to take them behind closed doors.

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