One of the most important lines in the poem is "You who in different sects were shamm’d." Here Swift is focusing his satire on those dissenting religious groups who were attempting to obtain the repeal of legislation that discriminated against them. Bitter attacks upon non-Anglican Protestants were a constant refrain in Swift's works, and in "The Day of Judgement" he is particularly unsparing in his contempt for those he believes to be undermining the stability of both state and society.
Yet what is particularly shocking is that Swift's contempt for Protestant dissenters is merely part of a thunderous condemnation of humankind as a whole. It's not just dissenters who are to be damned, but the entire human race. Not for the first time in his work Swift lets rip his rampant misanthropy, passing judgement on the common run of humanity, which he believes to be stupid, sinful, and ignorant. It's not just mighty Jove who's doing the judging in the poem, but Swift himself.
As the title...
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