To answer this question, we first need to clarify what the SARA model is. The acronym was developed in the field of community policing, and it stands for Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessing Results (Evaluation).
To provide an example, I will consider a hypothetical situation in which there have been a number of muggings taking place in a particular suburban park.
Scanning involves getting to grips with what the problem is. In this case, it would involve determining how many muggings had been reported to have taken place in this park and whether or not there are any common factors in the reports (i.e., time of day) or whether the victims have had a similar profile (i.e., elderly women walking on their own).
The first A in SARA stands for Analysis, and this would involve looking at this park and trying to ascertain why it has become a problem area. Is it in a low-income area? Is the area particularly secluded?
The police would then respond (R) to their findings. This may mean employing a security guard to monitor the park, erecting fences around the park, or putting up signs to warn people about the potential danger.
The final A stands for Assessing results. This means figuring out whether the above-mentioned Responses solved the problem or made a remarkable difference. If the park has been found to be safer, then the police's intervention has had a positive impact.