What is an example of parody and irony in 1984? 

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1984 can be seen as a parody of the scientific utopias, such as H.G. Wells's Men Like Gods, which were popular in the early twentieth century. Such novels emphasized the benefits of science and technology in creating increasingly civilized societies, the citizens of which would enjoy a degree of freedom and leisure hitherto unimagined. 1984 describes a society in which technology has brought no benefit at all to the average citizen, and has only enabled the tyranny of the state. The omnipresent telescreens have facilitated a sharp decrease in personal freedom, and fields are still ploughed by hand while books are written by machines. In place of the gleaming alabaster city promised in utopian fantasies, there is the grim, decaying, filthy city of London.

The book is full of irony, particularly in the euphemistic titles of the government ministries: The Ministry of Truth pumps out lies, the Ministry of Plenty causes famines, the Ministry of Peace wages war, and the Ministry of Love deals in torture. Orwell's wit is generally in this dry, satirical vein, and he is particularly fond of pointing out the constant hypocrisy required by life under the Party. His descriptions of Julia's apparent purity and orthodoxy, contrasted with her loathing of the Party and voracious sexual appetite in private, provide several moments of comic irony. For instance, Julia is able surreptitiously to use the sash of the Junior Anti-Sex League to increase her sex appeal:

The emblem of the Junior Anti-Sex League was wound several times around the waist of her overalls, just tightly enough to bring out the shapeliness of her hips.

It is in such incongruities, resulting from harsh political repression, that most of the comedy in the novel is to be found.

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