What is an example of how Jem and Scout's relationship changes as Jem matures in To Kill a Mockingbird?

An example of a change in Jem's relationship with Scout occurs when he gets angry at her for trying to talk to him about Miss Gates's reaction to the Tom Robinson trial. In the past, he would have talked it out with her rather than reacting angrily.

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An example of how Scout and Jem's relationship changes in To Kill A Mockingbird occurs after the Tom Robinson trial. Scout used to be able to go to Jem with questions and hash over problems with him. Now she is concerned because her fifth grade teacher, Miss Gates, seems...

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An example of how Scout and Jem's relationship changes in To Kill A Mockingbird occurs after the Tom Robinson trial. Scout used to be able to go to Jem with questions and hash over problems with him. Now she is concerned because her fifth grade teacher, Miss Gates, seems to be a hypocrite, condemning Hitler for his treatment of the Jews while at the same time approving convicting Tom Robinson for a rape he obviously didn't commit. She approaches Jem and asks him how Miss Gates can say in the classroom that persecuting the Jews is wrong and then say to Miss Stephanie Crawford that:

It’s time somebody taught 'em a lesson, they were gettin' way above themselves, an' the next thing they think they can do is marry us. Jem, how can you hate Hitler so bad an' then turn around and be ugly about folks right at home.

Instead of helping her work through this, as he would have in the past, Jem gets angry at her, shakes her, and tells her never to talk to him about the Tom Robinson trial again. Scout is so upset that she goes to Atticus, who tells her that Jem is not himself and has to put the trial aside until he grows up a little more and is able to sort it all out for himself.

Atticus is referring to Jem entering adolescence and taking it especially hard that adults he grew up with and respected have turned out to be racists. As Jem grows up, he must to come to grips with an imperfect world.

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The events of the summer effect a change in Jem Finch that produces a maturation of ideas and perspective. He, then, breaks the "code of childhood" that he holds with Scout.

In Chapter 14 Scout overhears her father and his sister Alexandra arguing about keeping Calpurnia. Jem tells Scout that their father and aunt have been "fussing." He adds that Atticus has much on his mind with worrying about the Tom Robinson case. When Scout makes a remark to the effect that Atticus never worried about anything, adding that the case doesn't bother them "except about once a week and then it didn't last," Jem counters,

"That's because you can't hold something in your mind but a little while," said Jem. "It's different with grown folks, we---"

Here Scout remarks that "[H]is maddening superiority was unbearable these days."

When Scout retorts, "Who do you think you are?" he threatens his little sister in the voice of an adult,

"Now I mean it, Scout, you antagonize Aunty and I'll--spank you."

Hearing this "parental voice" of Jem excites Scout into a fight. As they struggle, Atticus enters and separates them, telling them to go to bed immediately. However, as Scout passes her bed, she steps on something warm, smooth, and resilient. Thinking it is a snake, Scout runs to Jem. They discover that the "filthy brown package" under the bed is Dill, who fabricates a tall tale about his experiences before arriving there.
In another display of maturity, Jem looks at the door, stands and tells Dill he should let his mother know where he is; after saying this, he leaves the room:
 "Then he rose and broke the remaining code of our childhood," Scout narrates. Jem calls to Atticus, asking him to come to Scout's bedroom, and he reveals Dill's presence to Atticus. Jem has separated himself from the ways of a child, and altered his relationship with Scout and Dill.

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Scout and Jem’s relationship changes as Jem matures because he begins to see the world differently, and she still thinks like a child.

The first significant example of the divide between Scout and Jem is when Jem loses his pants on the Radley porch, and then decides to go back and get them.  Scout thinks he will be shot, and she doesn’t understand why he does not just take his punishment.

Jem explains that Atticus has never whipped him, and he does not want Atticus to find out about the pants because he will be disappointed.

It was then, I suppose, that Jem and I first began to part company. Sometimes I did not understand him, but my periods of bewilderment were short-lived. This was beyond me. (ch 6)

What Scout does not understand is that Jem is not afraid of a spanking.  He is afraid of disappointing Atticus.  He wants Atticus to look at him as an adult.  He wants him to think he makes good choices.  Jem regrets the childish decision to sneak into the Radley yard, when Atticus told them to leave the Radleys alone.

As they get closer to the trial, Atticus follows it with the intellect of an adult but the emotions of a child.  He is more and more distant from Scout, and treats her more like a child than a friend.

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At first, Scout is the "little sister" Jem takes to school and advises. At recess on the first day of school, for instance, a disgruntled Scout complains to Jem about her teacher Miss Caroline. Jem tries to allay her fears, telling her not to worry because his teacher says that Miss Caroline is introducing a new method of instruction called "the Dewey Decimal System." (He has mistaken John Dewey's pedagogical method with the system of arranging books in a library.)

In Chapter 7 Jem reassures Scout as she begins second grade, telling her school gets better as she advances.

Jem is the voice of wisdom to Scout at times. For instance, when Scout attacks Walter Cunningham by rubbing his nose in the dirt for causing her to be punished by Miss Caroline, Jem stops her and invites Walter home to eat with them at noontime.

In another instance, Jem scolds Scout for taking gum from the Radleys' tree's knothole.

As the protective older brother, Jem allays Scout's fears at times. In one instance, he tells Scout that she does not need to be afraid of Boo Radley because nothing can "get her" with Calpurnia and him at home during the day and Atticus there at night. As a result, Scout feels Jem is a "born hero" (Chapter 4).

Scout tags along with Dill and Jem, who are the architects of various schemes regarding Boo Radley. She acts as a lookout while Jem goes onto the Radley porch, for example, in Chapter 5

Scout gets used as the "test pilot" for some of Jem and Dill's ideas. For instance, when the boys have a large tire, they send Scout down the hill inside the tire first.

As Jem begins to mature, he is at times moody, and Scout must leave him alone, per instructions from Atticus. Nevertheless, Jem confides in Scout in Chapter 7, when he tells her about his pants that he has torn and abandoned as they were caught on the Radleys' fence. He shows Scout that the pants were sewn for him by Boo. Further, he shares his maturing perspectives. For instance, whereas he earlier told Scout to throw away the chewing gum left for them in the knothole, in Chapter 7 when Scout hurls the soap carvings onto the ground, Jem scolds her, saying, "These are good," and he later stores them in his keepsake trunk at home.

Although Jem changes, he remains loyal to Scout. Feeling Scout is justified in her actions, Jem allows Scout to fight her own battle with Francis in Chapter 9 after Francis calls Atticus a pejorative term.

There is camaraderie between Scout and Jem, as they both receive rifles for Christmas, attend church with Calpurnia, and go places together.

Although he remains brotherly, Scout finds Jem moody as he enters puberty:

His maddening superiority was unbearable these days. He didn't want to do anything but read and go off by himself. Still, everything he read he passed along to me, but. . . now for my edification and instruction.

The relationship between Jem and Scout becomes more divided when he is a teen and she is not. He is moodier, and he speaks in a condescending manner to and about Scout. At Tom Robinson's trial, Jem tells Reverend Sykes that Scout does not understand some of the language, questions, and answers given by the witnesses.

After the trial, Jem's ideas begin to alter. For example, he scolds Scout for having crushed a roly-poly (Chapter 25), and she attributes his superior attitude to "part of a stage he was going through." Further, Scout is angered by Jem's reporting of Dill's presence in Scout's room after he runs away.

The loyalty and love between Jem and Scout remains intact, nevertheless.

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