The dramatic irony in act 5, scene 3 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet arises from what the audience knows—which is a considerable amount of information—and the characters don't know about each other and about the situation in which they find themselves. Compared to the audience, the characters in the scene know almost nothing, which very much increases the irony in the scene and holds the audience in a heightened state of suspense and anticipation for the entire scene.
The audience knows that Romeo and Juliet are married, the circumstances of the marriage, and everything leading up to this scene, including the fact that Juliet isn't dead but simply in a deep sleep from having taken Friar Laurence's death-simulating sleeping potion.
Paris enters the churchyard where Juliet's tomb is located with the Page. Paris sends the Page off to warn him if anyone else comes into the churchyard. As he strews flowers outside Juliet's tomb, he is unaware that Romeo and Juliet are married, and that Juliet is...
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