When summarizing a political text such as Republic On Trial: The Case For Representative Democracy, first highlight the main problem the authors aim to discuss. Then, explain the arguments and evidence the authors present to approach the main problem. Lastly, reveal any of the conclusions the authors make or any solutions they devise to address the main problem.
In Republic On Trial: The Case For Representative Democracy by Alan Rosenthal, Burdett A. Loomis, John Hibbing, and Karl T. Kurtz, the authors question whether representative democracy works in American society. They examine public opinion to determine the extent of partisan competition and the existence, or lack thereof, of consensus in the country. They also explore the intentions of the founding fathers in framing the American constitution so that they can define the purpose of political representation and appraise the power of the legislative branch. Additionally, they explore the role of legislators in serving their constituents and evaluate their efficacy in regard to accountability, transparency, integrity, responsiveness, and other qualities. Furthermore, the authors look into special interest groups and the role they play in the legislative process. The authors come to the conclusion that it is the American public, not political parties or special interest groups, that make the political process so highly contentious. In light of this conclusion, they assert that representative democracy is the best option for the country.