What is a literary device in act 4, scene 4 of Romeo and Juliet?

There are several literary devices used in act 4, scene 4 of Romeo and Juliet. The Nurse provides an example of synecdoche when she refers to the pastry kitchen as the "pastry." She also employs a metaphor for when she calls Lord Capulet an "old cot-quean." Lord Capulet makes a joke, a pun, when he calls his servant who claims that he has a "head for logs," a loggerhead, a common expression for a stupid person.

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In this short scene, a bright interlude that offers foreshadowing of tragedy, an excited Lord Capulet can't wait for the day's wedding, not knowing his plans will come to nothing. His exuberance and joy are at odds with a grimmer story bubbling beneath the surface, of which he is unaware.

But first, Shakespeare uses vivid imagery when he has Lady Capulet say,

Hold, take these keys, and fetch more spices, Nurse.

We can paint a mental picture of Lady Capulet holding out heavy keys to the larder, where the expensive spices are stored, bidding the Nurse to fetch them.

More imagery about the wedding feast emerges as the Nurse notes they will also need

dates and quinces for the pastry.

Lord Capulet's utterances, when he comes bustling in, are overlaid with irony. His haste is for nothing: events have already spiraled well beyond his control. Nevertheless, his sense of excitement and urgency is highlighted by the literary device of repetition when he says,
Come, stir, stir, stir! The second cock hath crowed.
The curfew bell hath rung.
Shakespeare also uses alliteration in Lord Capulet's repetition of c sounds in the quote above.
There is both situational and dramatic irony when the Nurse tells Lord Capulet, "You’ll be sick tomorrow." We and the Nurse know that Capulet will be sick for reasons other than staying up all night, which is the context of the utterance.
Shakespeare again uses alliteration, this time through the repeated w and n sounds, when Lord Capulet says,
No, not a whit, what. I have watched ere now
All night for lesser cause, and ne'er been sick.
Shakespeare uses ironic repetition in Capulet's repeated command that the Nurse make haste, but also, more importantly, Shakespeare makes an allusion in the following passage:
Go waken Juliet. Go and trim her up.
I’ll go and chat with Paris. Hie, make haste,
Make haste. The bridegroom he is come already.
Make haste, I say.
The bridegroom already come is an allusion to John 3:29: in that biblical passage, the bridegroom's friend "rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice." The bridegroom is a metaphor for Christ: this is another ironical utterance, as Juliet is already en route to what will soon become her encounter with Christ—meeting Christ in heaven.
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Early in the scene, the Nurse says, "They call for dates and quinces in the pastry," by which she means that the cooks in the pastry kitchen are asking to be sent fruits for the wedding preparations. This is an example of synecdoche, when a writer or speaker substitutes something for something else with which it is associated. For example, one might say that the "orders came from the White House," meaning that the president has issued orders. Because the White House is associated with the president, it can be substituted, and the statement is still easy to understand.

The Nurse also refers to Lord Capulet as an "old cot-quean," a slang term for an old housewife. Obviously, he is not an old housewife, and so we can understand this to be a metaphor. A metaphor is a comparison of two unalike things. The Nurse compares Lord Capulet to an old housewife who is so excited about her daughter's wedding the next day that she cannot sleep a wink the night before.

Capulet tells the First Servingman to go and get some dry logs, suggesting that he call Peter to learn where the logs can be found. However, the Second Servingman declares that he has "a head ... that will find out logs" without having to ask Peter for directions. Lord Capulet finds this to be hilarious and says that this Second Servingman will be a "loggerhead." He makes a pun, as the servingman says that he has a head for logs, and a loggerhead, at that time, referred to a stupid person. Essentially, then, Capulet calls the servant a stupid person.

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There are a couple of literary devices worth noting in this scene of this play.

First of all, Lady Capulet uses a metaphor when she calls Capulet a "mouse-hunt." What she means is that Capulet used to chase women amorously, just as a cat would chase a mouse. In other words, she is comparing him to a cat and those women to mice.

Secondly, Capulet uses a pun when talking to the servants about collecting logs. The pun appears when Capulet calls the second servant a "logger-head." In the literal sense, Capulet is referring to the finding of logs for the wedding, but what Capulet really means here is that the second servant is being stupid: the implication being that the servant has wooden logs in his head instead of a brain.

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Personification is a literary device in which a thing or idea is given human attributes. The non-human object is given human qualities, which allows the audience to relate their own emotions to inanimate objects. In Act Four, Scene 4, the Capulets are preparing for Juliet's wedding. The scene begins with Lord Capulet giving instructions to the Nurse and his servants. The Nurse protests and insists that Lord Capulet head back to bed in order get some sleep. The Nurse says, "You’ll be sick tomorrow for this night’s watching" (Shakespeare, 4.4.7-8). The Nurse utilizes the literary device of personification. She personifies the night by giving it the human attribute of sight.

Lord Capulet dismisses the Nurse's concerns and continues to direct his servants. As his servants continue to prepare for the wedding, Lord Capulet tells the Nurse to wake up Juliet. Shakespeare also utilizes dramatic irony throughout the scene. The audience is aware that Juliet is in a deep sleep because she has drunk Friar Laurence's potion, while the Nurse and the Capulets are unaware of Juliet's condition. 

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There are a couple literary devices in the short Act 4, Scene 4 of Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet." The scene centers on the Capulets who prepare for Juliet's wedding to Paris. Juliet's nurse prepares food, and her parents must make orders and also get some rest before the big day. 

When the Nurse jokingly remarks to Sir Capulet, "Ay, you have been a mouse-hunt in your time," in line 11, it is an example of a euphemism. A euphemism is a milder word or phrase which is substituted when the truth may be inappropriate or harsh. In this case, "mouse-hunter" is a more appropriate term for "ladies' man" or "lady chaser," with women being the mice that the man hunts as prey. 

There is also a play on words in lines 19-22. The servant says he has a head that will "find out logs," meaning that he is smart enough to find logs without asking help from another. However, Sir Capulet responds by calling him a "loggerhead," meaning that his head is full of logs rather than smarts. "Romeo and Juliet" contains many plays on words, which is a primary source of humour in the play. 

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