In this short scene, a bright interlude that offers foreshadowing of tragedy, an excited Lord Capulet can't wait for the day's wedding, not knowing his plans will come to nothing. His exuberance and joy are at odds with a grimmer story bubbling beneath the surface, of which he is unaware.
But first, Shakespeare uses vivid imagery when he has Lady Capulet say,
Hold, take these keys, and fetch more spices, Nurse.
We can paint a mental picture of Lady Capulet holding out heavy keys to the larder, where the expensive spices are stored, bidding the Nurse to fetch them.
More imagery about the wedding feast emerges as the Nurse notes they will also need
dates and quinces for the pastry.
Lord Capulet's utterances, when he comes bustling in, are overlaid with irony
. His haste is for nothing: events have already spiraled well beyond his control. Nevertheless, his sense of excitement and urgency is highlighted by the literary device of repetition when he says,
Come, stir, stir, stir! The second cock hath crowed.
The curfew bell hath rung.
Shakespeare also uses alliteration
in Lord Capulet's repetition of c
sounds in the quote above.
There is both situational and dramatic irony when the Nurse tells Lord Capulet, "You’ll be sick tomorrow." We and the Nurse know that Capulet will be sick for reasons other than staying up all night, which is the context of the utterance.
Shakespeare again uses alliteration, this time through the repeated w
sounds, when Lord Capulet says,
No, not a whit, what. I have watched ere now
All night for lesser cause, and ne'er been sick.
Shakespeare uses ironic repetition in Capulet's repeated command that the Nurse make haste, but also, more importantly, Shakespeare makes an allusion
in the following passage:
Go waken Juliet
. Go and trim her up.
I’ll go and chat with Paris
. Hie, make haste,
Make haste. The bridegroom he is come already.
Make haste, I say.
The bridegroom already come is an allusion to John 3:29: in that biblical passage, the bridegroom's friend "rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice." The bridegroom is a metaphor
for Christ: this is another ironical utterance, as Juliet is already en route to what will soon become her encounter with Christ—meeting Christ in heaven.