A creation story is, as the name suggests, a story that depicts how the world began and how man developed. Almost all cultures have such a story about the creation of the world. In the Judeo-Christian culture, the creation story is based on the book of Genesis in the Old Testament. It tells the story of God creating the world. The Old Testament goes on to talk about Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden. Depending on the version of the Old Testament, the creation story begins with something along the lines of:
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep. And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light.
And God saw the light that it was good, and God separated between the light and between the darkness. And God called the light day, and the darkness God called night, and it was evening and it was morning, one day.
Other cultures have different versions of the creation story. For instance, the ancient Greeks had a creation story that emanated from the gods. They believed that the world originally was in a state of nothingness or chaos. In fact, the word “chaos” itself is from Greek. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary,
The English word chaos is borrowed from the Greek word that means "abyss." In ancient Greece, Chaos was originally thought of as the abyss or emptiness that existed before things came into being, and then the word chaos was used to refer to a specific abyss: the abyss of Tartarus, the underworld. When the word chaos first came into English in the 1400s, this sense was the one that was first attested to.
According to Greek creation mythology, the gods, including Gaia, who represented mother earth, and Uranus, the god of the heavens, emerged from the chaos. In Greek mythology, once the gods are created, they are extremely flawed characters who fight with one another.
These creation stories are different from the scientific explanation for how the earth was formed and how man evolved. In fact, in 1925, a science teacher named John Scopes was put on trial for teaching the theory of evolution in the state of Tennessee. The theory of evolution was based on scientific writings of Charles Darwin and many people believed that it was wrong to teach something that seemed to contradict the Bible.