Harrison Bergeron Questions and Answers
by Kurt Vonnegut Jr.

Harrison Bergeron book cover
Start Your Free Trial

Irony In Harrison Bergeron

What is the irony in "Harrison Bergeron" by Kurt Vonnegut?

Expert Answers info

price7781 eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2015

write668 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Arts

The irony in “Harrison Bergeron” is how the dystopian society in the story defines “equality”.  To the government and its citizens, “equality” means to make everyone the same.  We tend to see equality as guaranteeing the same rights for all people, and that includes allowing someone to be an individual.  However, the society in which George, Hazel, and Harrison live handicaps its people in order to ensure that no one is better than anyone else in anything.  If you’re smart like George, you have loud noises pumped into your ears through small ear buds that cut off all thought.  For Harrison who is young, handsome, tall, and strong, he is weighed down by 300 lbs of metal, has ear buds, and wears thick eyeglasses. 

The society does not believe in the values of equality like free speech and personal freedom.  Instead they view equality as making everyone identical with no one having unique abilities or gifts to become superior.  The irony lies in the way Vonnegut portrays the society’s definition of “equality”.

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

Oliver Maxwell eNotes educator | Certified Educator

briefcaseTeacher (K-12)

calendarEducator since 2015

write62 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and Science

One of the major ironies within “Harrison Bergeron” is that in their society’s attempt to not make people feel bad they still cannot mask, pun intended, that some people are superior to others.

In the world of Harrison Bergeron, beauty is seen as an unfair physical attribute that is countered by making people wear masks. 

“…their faces were masked, so that no one, seeing a free and graceful gesture or a pretty face, would feel like something the cat drug in.”

The use of masks, however, does not keep people from knowing that the person is beautiful. For example, the text refers to one of the ballerinas:

“She must have been extraordinarily beautiful, because the mask she wore was hideous.”

If the true purpose of the mask was to make people equal and not feel bad, then the mask would have to prevent people from knowing how beautiful the person was. As seen in the quote, the uglier the mask the more beautiful the person.

An additional irony is that physical handicaps become obsolete and have to be replaced. In seeking to eliminate physical superiority in an individual the handicap only serves to make the individual stronger. Again the irony is exposed through the description of the ballerina when the text reads,

“And it was easy to see that she was the strongest and most graceful of all the dancers, for her handicap bags were as big as those worn by two-hundred pound men.”

Since we are able to make a comparison of handicaps worn by individuals, it is possible to know their true abilities, negating the purpose of the handicap.

Together the masks and the weights are intended to hide and hinder the beauty and skills of the ballerina, yet they only serve to let the audience know how beautiful and strong she really is.

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

McKinstry Rose eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2009

write1,976 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, Social Sciences, and History

There are several examples of satirical irony in "Harrison Bergeron." First, when Harrison is younger, his parents do nothing when the H-G men come to take him away. They simply follow along with whatever they are told to do, and even if Hazel would have protested, she would have soon forgotten where Harrison went because of her lack of intelligence.

Additionally, in most societies people who are beautiful, strong, intelligent, etc., are valued and have easier lives.  In "Harrison Bergeron," however, Vonnegut creates a society which seeks to make people uglier, weaker, and dumber so that they will blindly follow the regime.

Finally, it is ironic that in handicapping Harrison with heavy weights, the government has made him stronger; and even though, he meets an untimely demise at the story's end, he most likely lived more in those few minutes of rebellion than any of the government workers or his own parents did.

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

stanleykipruto1 | Student

Harrison Bergeron

All of these modifications aim at making society "perfect." After that, George and his wife hazel were talking about the physical disability of George, and his feet were tied in bags of very inconvenient and painful birds. Hazel suggested that George broke the law and canceled the baggage. George replied that if he violated the law, others would start again in the "dark days." These examples explain things that are not perfect societies. Equality (appearance, strength, intelligence, etc.) does not bring perfection, and competition is essential for a prosperous economy. Every community has a winner and a loser. There is no way to solve this problem

The structure of "Harrison Bergeron" is a satirical criticism of those who insist that we should be equal. Throughout this story, Vonnegut raised doubts about the practical benefits of having a truly equals society. Through stories, sarcastic situations help to develop the theme of the story. For example, Harrison is an exceptional figure. He is healthy and robust, he is brilliant, and he is very talented. As a result, he was obliged to acquire a series of obstacles to "equalize" with different people. Ironically, Harrison removes these obstacles and still can become his real person.