1 Answer | Add Yours
In the ninth book of Homer's Odyssey, Odysseus tells the Cyclops Polyphemus that his name is "Nobody." Later, when Odysseus asks the Cyclops what gift of guest-friendship the Cyclops will give to him, the Cyclops tells Odysseus that the gift will be that he will eat Nobody last.
One of the definitions of irony, with respect to literature, is that the audience of a work understands something that the characters in the literary work do not understand: this is called dramatic irony. Thus, the Cyclops means one thing by his words, but the audience knows that things will actually turn out differently.
So, Homer's audience knows something the Cyclops does not know: namely, that Odysseus' real name is not Nobody. Homer's audience is also smarter than the Cyclops because they understand that eating Nobody means that the Cyclops will not eat anyone.
Perhaps a further irony here is that once Odysseus reveals his real name to the Cyclops (after Odysseus has blinded the Cyclops), this leads to the Cyclops praying to his father Poseidon to take vengeance against Odysseus. Poseidon hears his son's prayer and causes Odysseus many sorrows upon the open sea.
We’ve answered 319,197 questions. We can answer yours, too.Ask a question