What interventions help to correct an acid-base imbalance?
We're learning about acids and bases and gastrointestinal fluid loss. I'm trying to figure out if there is a "normal" course of action, or possibly many. Also, are there foods or supplements available to help with fluid loss?
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You mention gastrointestinal fluid loss in the comments regarding your question. I will assume the acid-base disturbance is caused by either intractable nausea/vomiting or massive diarrheal stools. Naso-gastric tube suctioning could also be a cause. First, we must treat the etiology of the gastrointestinal fluid loss. If the patient is experiencing intractable nausea/vomiting, then medications and or IV fluids should be promptly given to cease the emesis. If the patient is having massive diarrheal stools, IV fluids must be given and a stool culture obtained to rule out an infectious cause of the diarrhea. There are a few medications that are seldom given for this scenario, mainly sodium bicarbonate, but the etiology of the GI fluid loss must be ascertained and corrected.
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