What are the internal and external conflicts of Abigail Williams in the play The Crucible?

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External Conflicts: Abigail's primary external conflicts concern the consequences attached to breaking Salem's strict rules regarding dancing and trespassing in the dangerous, enigmatic forest, as well her ulterior motives being discovered by the community of Salem. She also risks the consequences of falsely testifying against innocent citizens and endangering their lives. In the austere community of Salem, Abigail initially lies in order to avoid being punished for dancing in the wilderness. Abigail also has to worry about the other girls telling the truth about her accusations. If Abigail's lies are revealed, and she is exposed for falsely accusing innocent citizens, she will more than likely lose her life. She is essentially in conflict with the authority figures throughout Salem and relies on her ability to manipulate them to survive.

Internal Conflict: Abigail's internal conflict involves her inability to cope with John Proctor's rejection. After their affair, John Proctor is filled with guilt and refuses to continue his relationship with Abigail. She is heartbroken and cannot get over the loss of her lover. Abigail not only drinks blood and has Tituba curse Elizabeth Proctor, but also falsely accuses Elizabeth of witchcraft in an attempt to get rid of her so that she can have John to herself.

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In The Crucible, Abigail Williams has several goals that effectively generate her conflicts, internal and external.

One of Abigail's primary goals is to resume her affair with John Proctor. Another goal is to protect herself from punishment for dancing naked in the woods with the other girls and Tituba. These goals present Abigail's outward, external conflicts. 

In her attempt at winning back John Proctor, Abigail is in conflict with Elizabeth Proctor. The opposition between the women leads Abigail to manipulate circumstances and accuse Elizabeth of witchcraft, having Elizabeth arrested and tried. 

In her effort to escape blame for her taboo actions in the woods, Abigail concocts the witchcraft scheme wherein many townspeople are accused of witchcraft, removing attention from Abigail and her friends. This leads to much of the action of the play. 

Abigail is challenged to be honest when Mary Warren reveals the fraud being perpetrated by the girls in their witchcraft accusations. At this point, Abigail experiences a short-lived internal conflict. 

She is forced to wonder if she will get away with her lies, which brings her to a moment of decision. Will she repent and confess or will she continue in her lies, even if this means that innocent people will die? In admitting to her weakness, Abigail may be able to find help with her internal turmoil. 

She is at once a frightening and pitiable character, malicious in her accusations and sad in her need for close human contact and attention.

The avarice and bitterness of Abigail's character mean that this crisis is short-lived. Her lesser qualities win out. 

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What is an external conflict between Abigail and Elizabeth in The Crucible?

Abigail worked for Elizabeth Proctor, and when Elizabeth discovered Abby and John were having an affair, she fired Abigail.  Abby was resentful of that, for a couple of reasons.  The first...

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was that it denied her access to John, who she was very much not over.  The second is because her getting fired tainted her repuation; rumors spread, and it is alluded to the fact that she couldn't find work.  That is probably why she is livnig at her uncle's house (Reverend Parris) at the beginning of the play.  So, there is conflict between Abby and Elizabeth even before the play began, over that issue.  One other conflict that Abby has with Elizabeth is that Abby feels that John is being submissive to Elizabeth, and bowing down to her wishes and desires, when Abby wants John to forget Elizabeth and be with her.  Abby expresses this to John, saying, "I marvel how such a strong man can let such a sickly wife" have control over him.  Abby hates Elizabeth so much that we discover that she was drinking "a charm to kill Goody Proctor" at the beginning in the woods, and later framed Elizabeth for the needle stabbing with the poppet situation.  So, Abby is seriously conflicted, wants Elizabeth out of the picture, and Elizabeth is resentful towards Abby and John for the affair, and has her own issues with Abby herself.  So, the two of them aren't bff's, that's for sure.  :)  I hope that helps a bit!

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