The most effective intermediate sanction programs are one in which an intermediate sanction is needed and when the goals of the intermediate sanction are clear. The best example of this is in drug and alcohol rehabilitation. Since individuals with drug problems are not likely to be cured by prison or deterred by parole, intermediate sanctions in the form of rehabilitation programs can be effective. For other nonviolent crimes, intermediate sanctions might come in the form of halfway-house type facilities where the individual’s movements are restrictions and training is provided. In general, intermediate sanctions are most effective when the programs are well-designed and well-implemented.