What was the Inquisition?  What did it do to Galileo?

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The Inquisition was an arm of the Roman Catholic Church that was supposed to make sure that Catholics held to correct, orthodox beliefs.

When Galileo started to publish his works about the idea that the Earth orbits the Sun, he came to the attention of the Inquistion.  Since the official...

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The Inquisition was an arm of the Roman Catholic Church that was supposed to make sure that Catholics held to correct, orthodox beliefs.

When Galileo started to publish his works about the idea that the Earth orbits the Sun, he came to the attention of the Inquistion.  Since the official Church doctrine was that the Sun moves around the Earth, Galileo's ideas were heretical.

The Inquisition told Galileo that he could not continue to publish this kind of work.  Eventually, it interrogated Galileo and ended up placing him under house arrest.  It also forced him to recant his views.

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