You want biographical influences? Honestly, I don't think there are such influences in his early life. However, a concern with the nature of the state and power permeated a great deal of the intellectual life of the twentieth century, and many people had similar concerns (if not such firm conclusions). Look at how many writers and artists have been involved in politics at some point: Hammett, Rand, Hemingway, Huxley, Leguin, Conrad, Warren, etc.
I'd say that his views are shaped in part by the time, and in part by his personal studies. However, if I had to point to direct experiences, I'd say his time serving in the British foreign service in India showed him the dangers of power and especially formally structured power.