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As Carlyle grew in influence and people began to think a great deal of his opinion, he further expanded his opinions on what he saw as increasing materialism and greed among the unemployed or lower classes of people. He saw this greed and materialism as driving the increased popularity of democracy and was strongly opposed as he felt there needed to be a clear ruling class that could be counted on to lead the way morally and intellectually for the lower classes.
His essays and other works served to represent one of the overall feelings against the working class people, particularly those who had migrated to the cities and created large populations of destitute city dwellers, and he felt they were unsatisfied with their lot and looking for handouts rather than being willing to work hard for an honest wage.
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