Plato called Homer the teacher of Greece and Homer has continued to be widely read, referred to, and imitated throughout subsequent western literature, from Virgil's Aeneid to Walcott's Omeros. As a measure of the popularity of the Iliad, there have been more than thirty complete published translations of the Iliad into English in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Homer's Iliad remains widely studied in universities and even in high schools in translation, and many university classics departments offer students the opportunity to read it in the original Greek.
The Iliad also has a broad influence on a wide range of elements of modern culture. Achilles in Vietnam by Jonathan Shay, a psychologist, compares the reactions of the Homeric heroes to the traumas of war to those of Vietnam veterans. In Who Killed Homer? The Demise of Classical Education and the Recovery of Greek Wisdom, Victor Davis Hanson and John Heath argue that Homer and subsequent classical thinkers gave modern civilization:
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