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What is inflectional morphology and how does it differ from derivational morphology?

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Morphology is an area of linguistics that focuses on words. The morpheme is the basic unit of morphology, and morphology is divided into two branches: inflectional and derivational. The other main branch of morphology is syntax—the study of sentences.

Inflectional morphology is a change in word form. This usually means the use of endings. He works, he worked, and he is working shows the use of different endings to represent simple present, simple past, and present continuous forms. The -s, -ed, and -ing are affixes. In this example, words are inflected to show verb forms. Inflection is also used for plural forms: book, books. In addition, inflection is used to show noun case (student, student's, students') and the...

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